The best way to prevent gum disease is to brush and floss each day and make routine visits to your dentist for cleanings. However, if you are finding that you have symptoms of gum disease, your local dentist can offer treatment and relieve you of pain. It is important that you speak with your family dentist about treatment options as soon as there is any sign of gum disease. The sooner gum disease is spotted and the sooner gum disease treatment starts than the better the results typically are.
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Diagnosis of Gum Disease
Seeing a general dentist every six months for a routine cleaning and checkup is the best way to diagnose gum disease or any signs that gum disease may develop. Along with physically examining the health of your gums, your dentist will ask about your medical history to see if this plays a factor in your gum health. If you have a history of smoking or using chewing tobacco this can increase the chances of having gum disease.
Along with a physical examination of the health of your gums, our dentists may opt for a few further tools such as dental X-rays or measuring the depth of gum-lines and tooth pockets. This can give them a better look at your gums past what can be seen with such a physical examination. If the X-ray shows bone loss or an increase in the depth of the tooth pocket, this is a sign that gum disease is prevalent.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Gum disease can often times be difficult to notice because the symptoms may not be noticeable until the disease progresses into a more advance stage. A trained professional will have the best chance of noticing the development of gum disease during your routine checkup. But it is still possible to notice the symptoms of gum disease before you have been officially diagnosed with it. It is important to take proper care of your teeth and mouth year round but we recommend reaching out to our dentists if you have any of the below symptoms.
- Visibly red and swollen gums
- Bleeding or pain during gentle brushing and flossing
- Constant bad breath
- Receding gum lines that expose more of your tooth than what is normally shown
Types of Gum Disease:
When discussing gum disease there are typically thought to be two types of diseases that impact the gums; Gingivitis and Periodontitis. Gingivitis is considered the less serious classification of gum disease compared to Periodontitis but neither should be taken lightly. Gum disease should be treated by a dental professional and required constant attention in order to slow the spread of bacteria and to improve the health of your gums.
- Gingivitis – This form of gum disease directly affects your gums. If left untreated, Gingivitis can develop into Periodontitis.
- Periodontitis – Periodontal disease is a more serious condition that affects the bones that support your teeth.
Treatment for Gum Disease
For mild issues with your gums, a dentist may perform a deep cleaning beneath the gum surface and schedule more frequent visits. In other instances, a surgical procedure may be necessary. Gum or bone grafts may replace tissues that have been worn away from gum disease. The end goal of gum disease treatment is to thoroughly clean the gums and pockets from spreading bacteria.
Nonsurgical Treatments For Gum Disease
If gum disease was caught early or hasn’t advanced into a more serious stage it is possible to treat it with nonsurgical options. Nonsurgical treatments for gum disease center around cleaning the teeth and preventing the buildup of tartar. This is done with a physical removal of tartar from your dentist. They will use tooth scaling to remove the tartar using physical instruments or ultrasonic devices. Depending on the situation the dentist could recommend using root planing to discourage future buildup of tartar or antibiotics to control the spread of bacteria.
Surgical Treatments For Gum Disease
If your gum disease has progressed to a more serious stage that isn’t treatable with nonsurgical options than it can be required to move forward with a surgical option. Surgical options are more advanced compared to other options but will help prevent further damage to your mouth. Flap surgery can be used to get better access to under the gums in order to clean them as well as have better access to the root of the tooth as well as the actual bone. If you have severe receding gum lines it can be recommended to have tissue added to those areas to further protect your gums.
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If you need a restorative dentist in Cary, call us today or fill out the form below to schedule your appointment.